Ginseng has been considered a very precious medicinal material since ancient times, and large-scale artificial cultivation was also carried out in the later period. Whether they are wild or artificially planted, they have the same pharmacological effects.
Ginsenoside is an effective substance from Araliaceae species such as ginseng and American ginseng. In addition to the monomer components of Rg3 and Rh2, there are also aPPD, Rk2, Rh3, aPPT, Rk1, Rg5, Rk3, Rh1, Rh3, Rh4 As the anti-cancer effect of ginsenosides in adjuvant cancer treatment is gradually recognized by people, it is usually used to improve the effectiveness of cancer treatment.
Modern medical research shows that the main functions of ginseng are as follows (for reference only):
- Regulate the central nervous system.
Improve the excitement and inhibition process of the brain, improve mental work and physical work. And has the effect of anti-fatigue.
- Promote the use of energy in the brain, and improve the ability of learning and memory.
The effective ingredients in ginseng that enhance learning and memory are ginsenosides. Among them, ginsenosides Rb1 and Rg1 have good effects on learning and memory.
- Improve heart function
Ginseng can increase myocardial contractility, slow down heart rate, increase cardiac output and coronary blood flow, and can resist myocardial ischemia and arrhythmia.
- Hypoglycemic effect (two-way regulation)
Ginseng contains ginsenosides and ginseng polysaccharides. Especially ginsenoside Rb2 has an obvious hypoglycemic effect. In addition, ginseng polysaccharides (or glycopeptides) are another type of hypoglycemic component in ginseng.
- Enhance the body’s immune function
Ginsenosides and ginseng polysaccharides are the active components of ginseng to regulate immune function, which can improve immune function not only for normal people but also for people with weakened immune function.
- Improve the resistance to harmful stimuli, which can enhance the body’s stress ability and adaptability
Ginseng contains ginsenosides, which can improve the anti-stress effect. It can resist hypoxia, high temperature, and low temperature.
- Anti-tumor effect
Ginsenosides, ginseng polysaccharides, ginseng enols, ginsenotriol, and volatile oils in ginseng. These substances have a certain inhibitory effect on tumors, but the mechanism is very complicated.
- Antioxidant effect
Ginseng contains a variety of antioxidants, such as ginsenosides, ginseng polyacetylene compounds, and ginseng glycol saponins. These compounds have the effect of anti-lipid oxidation and are the basis of the anti-aging effect. In addition to anti-aging effects, it has a regulatory effect on physiological functions such as nerve, endocrine, immune function, and material metabolism.
In addition, ginseng also has anti-virus, anti-shock, weight loss, and many other effects.
Some ginsenoside products on the market are processed by processing ginsenoside raw materials, such as ginseng and American ginseng, through advanced equipment and technology, such as grinding into powder, then adding auxiliary materials, pressing into tablets, or making capsules.